Monday, July 13, 2015

Becoming a Book Whisperer

Recently, I hosted a group of teachers from Eagle Mountain ISD at my home for a Books and Brunch. We gathered together, enjoyed a few delicious treats, and talked informally about The Book Whisperer by Donalyn Miller. This group was made up of teachers, literacy specialists, librarians, and graduate students. With no formal agenda, we shared our personal connections, insights, and questions. We pondered how to share our learning we others and how to apply new ideas into our classrooms. Our discussion naturally evolved into this blog post, which contains our thoughts, ideas, and reactions to the book. We all encourage you to pick up your own copy and read for yourself. The book reads as if Donalyn is just telling a story of her classroom teaching. It's both entertaining and informative. Willow Creek has ten copies waiting for you to check out in the Literacy Library. If you prefer your own copy, you can purchase on Amazon here. Read more about Donalyn Miller on her website, bookwhisperer.com.


Becoming a Book Whisperer

Source

After reading this book, we all thought, "YES! That is the teacher I want to be!" In fact, one teacher admitted to being the worksheet-driven, story-a-week kind of teacher until reading this book. Others nodded in agreement because before this book, reading workshop didn't make quite so much sense. Reading workshop isn't so much about the perfect mini-lesson or unit-of-study, it's an entire framework for instruction that the teacher feels in her bones. It's the way students take responsibility for the own learning and use their classroom as a tool for learning. You know reading workshop by the feeling you get when walking into the classroom. No mini-lesson or unit-of-study can do that-- it starts with the teacher. So here's how you can be come the next book whisperer:

Understand Conditions for Learning

What I really love about Donalyn Miller is that she doesn't bog down her story with citation after citation, but she does credit those whose theories guide her practice. Brian Cambourne, an Australian researcher, identified the factors that contribute to successful learning based on years and years of observations in classrooms. These factors are vital for a motivational environment where students embrace reading. Donalyn Miller explained that without that motivational environment, her "instruction was doomed to fail" (p. 34). Cambourne's Conditions for Learning are the components that I look for as Literacy Coach in every classroom I visit. It is the basic foundation of a successful and engaging classroom. 

Cambourne's Conditions for Learning: 
1. Immersion: Children need to be surrounded by meaningful literature of all types. Classroom libraries should be flooded with various titles, levels, topics, and genres. 
2. Demonstration: Children need models and demonstrations using authentic texts to help them develop reading proficiency. 
3. Expectations: Children will rise to meet our expectations. Expect your students to read every day and they will. 
4. Responsibility: Children need the opportunity to make their own choices and take responsibility for their own learning. 
5. Employment: Children need the opportunity to apply their learning in a real and meaningful context. Each reading lesson should circle back to the child's own reading so they have time to practice those skills in an authentic context with support from the teacher.
6. Approximations: Children need the opportunity to be praised for the skills they do have and allowed time to make mistakes as they learn new skills and strive towards mastery. 
7. Response: Children need positive and immediate feedback on their reading progress.
8. Engagement: Reading must be enjoyable for students. They must be personally invested, feel successful, and comfortable taking risks. 

These Conditions for Learning lead to a successful reading classroom, however, Donalyn Miller explains that most of her efforts in planning go to #8 Engagement. We can spend all of our time crafting beautiful reading lessons, but without engagement, our lessons will usually fall short. 

Which of these Conditions for Learning guide your reading lessons? Do you spend hours, like Donalyn Miller once did, planning intricate novel units or reading plans, rather than time devoted to ensuring students are engaged in authentic texts? With a shift to focus on these Conditions for Learning, you can become a book whisperer for your students. 

Source


Set up Reading Workshop

Source

EMS-ISD has fully embraced the workshop model for literacy instruction but several of you have asked, what IS reading workshop? Donalyn Miller explained the key components of a reading workshop in being:
  • Time for students to read lots of books
  • Choice in reading material
  • Response to literature (through conferences, journals, discussions, or projects)
  • Community of readers where all members meaningfully contribute 
  • Established structure of specific routines and procedures for reading
Reading workshop begins with a mini-lesson focused on reading procedures, skills, or strategies, transitions to independent reading time where students read books of their choice and the teacher conferences with individual or small groups of readers, and ends with a share time where students reflect on their reading that day. Reading workshop allows the teacher to:
  • Meet with every student every week to talk about their reading
  • Pay close attention to student reading choices
  • Facilitate learning in a non-threatening way
  • Model good reading behaviors and strategies
  • Adapt lessons to individual readers and their needs
  • Create a reading community
  • Connect reading to writing and other content areas
Reading workshop is the structure that supports the ideas behind Donalyn Miller and will help you flourish as a book whisperer, too. Yes, it requires letting go of some of the control, but also requires a large amount of organization. The structure supports students in making their own choices in reading and facilitates the learning. Reading workshop allows a teacher to teach readers, not just reading curriculum. 

Donalyn Miller also suggested creating a Reading Rights with your class to hold everyone accountable for reading.  We all loved this idea and plan to incorporate it in our classrooms.

Source


Live a Readerly Life


Donalyn Miller, along with other expects, agree that a teacher of reading must also be a reader. In order to be a book whisperer, you must enjoy reading books yourself. When you live a readerly life, you are able to pull from an abundance of experiences as a reader to share with your children. You help inspire readers because you, too, have been in their shoes (and sometimes still are!). If we ask our students to identify as readers, then we must also identify as readers. 

Donalyn Miller included this Self-Reflection Activity for Teachers. I encourage you to look closely at yourself and reflect on your own reading experiences.

  • What were your reading experiences as a child?
  • Were these positive or negative experiences for you?
  • Do you see yourself as a reader now?
  • How do you share your reading experiences-- both current experiences and those form the past-- with your students? 
  • With which group of readers in your classroom do you most identify-- the underground readers, the developing readers, or the dormant readers?
  • Who have been your role models for reading?
  • List the last five books you have read.
  • How long did it take for you to read these books?
  • Which books were read for a job or for a school-related purpose?
  • Which books were read for pleasure?
After you have reflected on these questions, I challenge you to Donalyn Miller's Reading Improvement Plan: 

  1. Commit to a certain amount of reading per day.
  2. Choose books to read that are personally interesting to you.
  3. Read more books for children. 
  4. Take recommendations from your students.
  5. Investigate recommendations from industry sources (Goodreads, Library Awards, etc.)
  6. Create your own reader's notebook.
  7. Reflect on what you are reading.
Source


A book whisperer is a reader alongside her children. She models a readerly life and immerses herself in books along with her students. If we do not show that we are readers, how can we expect students to value reading? 

We decided to place these either outside our door or somewhere inside so the students can hold us accountable for our own reading lives. 
Source

Provide Ample Time for Reading

Source

If we want our students to value reading, we must provide time for them to READ! Our group spent the most time talking about this because it was the most dear to our hearts. Teachers seem to feel that when kids "just read", there is no learning going on. But the beauty of reading workshop is that you show the kids how to be deeply engaged with texts and that's exactly where the magic happens. Kids can't apply the reading strategies we teach without time to read. Reading needs to be a daily habit. This isn't a "bell ringer", "warm up", or "when you're done" habit. It's purposeful and meaningful. It's a time a day where kids hold you accountable for their time spent in their books. Without time spent reading, reading workshop will fail. Children learn to read by reading. To be a book whisperer, you must also provide time every single day for independent reading. 

Personally, I completely identify with Donalyn Miller when she says her Amazon bill is way too high and her wish list is way too full of books because she loves to read so much. This is the example we need to be for our students. If we want them to value reading, we must show them we also value reading. 

Source


Cambourne's Conditions for Learning help us think about our classroom in a different way and re-evaluate the time spent planning. The structure of Reading Workshop helps us organize and manage our classroom in a way that supports authentic reading experiences. Living a Readerly Life models good reading behaviors for our students. Providing time in our day for reading allows our students to become proficient readers. Together, these components help you become a book whisperer just like Donalyn Miller. The beautiful story of her classroom is obtainable. It may change from year to year based on the group of students, but it is possible. Like a teacher said, "this just makes so much more sense!" Reading should be engaging and it's up to you to make it that way!

We encourage all of you to grab a copy of Donalyn Miller's book and discover ways you can create a classroom that supports readers.




Join me in two more Books & Brunch Events:
July 16: Notice and Note
July 30: Reading with Meaning

If you have any tips, questions, or just want to share how reading workshop has gone in your classroom, comment below. 

~Macie Kerbs
@maciekerbs 

Wednesday, July 8, 2015

Are You Missing the Shift?

This summer has not slowed down the learning for our teachers! Ms. Lowrie and Mrs. Martinez went to the Science Inquiry Institute hosted by EMS-ISD on June 16-18. Here's what they learned about incorporating inquiry into the science classroom.

Are You Missing the Shift?

“Students typically do not develop science literacy and do not understand the role and relevance of science in society.” (John Kubicek, 2005)   WOW, an unsettling statement to say to the least.  However, Science Inquiry is a pedagogy that fosters authentic science acquisition. 

What is Science Inquiry?
Science Inquiry results in students taking ownership of their learning and driving them to further investigations.  Best practices teach us that the person doing “the most talking is doing the most learning”.  Science Inquiry is the medium for learners to ask their own questions and find their own answers.  Inquiry is not difficult to implement, it is just tweaking what we as teachers already do. The key is to teach the kids how to question and how to explore the answers to those questions.



Comparing Approaches to Hands-On Science:

Model A - Teacher Led  Lesson.  The teacher gives step by step instructions and the students follow.  This leads to very little to outside discovery.  It still allows the learner to experience hands-on activities, ask questions, and acquire new information but it is controlled and confined.  There will be lessons that require this type of instruction.  However, something to keep in mind with this approach is having them create their own data table immediately increases the rigor.  It requires the learner to consider the end goal. 

Model B - Teacher-Student Lesson.  The teacher gives specifications and materials but the learners can be creative in reaching their end goal within a time limit.  It is very important that materials given be intentional toward the direction you want discovery to go.  The learners are given choices on procedures and results.  A great piece of differentiation in this approach is that giving the learners choices allows your “early finishers” options of what to do when they are done.  Just think, less “I’m done...what do I do now?” 

Model C—Student Lesson.  In this approach, which is considered a full Science Inquiry, the learner is in complete control of their learning.  The learner controls the question or problem being addressed.  They control  the procedure or aspects of the procedure.  They control the outcome.  Again, the teacher needs to be intentional with the materials given to help lead the discovery.


Two critical pieces to successful Science Inquiry are the Process Circus (Process Skills) and Raising Questions.  The two will take time to master but with practice authentic science will eventually take place effortlessly. 



Process Skills, which some teachers will chalk up as the Scientific Method, is so much more than just a plan to follow.  Not to discourage the teaching of the Scientific Method but one needs to remember science should be messy!  The method should not necessarily be practiced in a “cookie cutter” order.  Here are the process skills:

Observing
Questioning
Hypothesizing
Predicting
Planning & Investigating
Interpreting
Communicating

How do the Process Skills look different when used with Science Inquiry?  Be more intentional in how you plan so that the learner has more control. Identify the science process skills by what the learners actually do when they are using the skills.

Questioning drives the investigation process!  There is definitely an art to Raising Questions and instructing learners to ask investigable questions is key to mastering a desirable learning target.  Naturally, learners will ask non-investigable questions but teachers can instruct learners how to “turn” those type of questions into investigable questions.  

Just Breathe!  Teaching through Science Inquiry is not something that happens overnight but it is a gradual process to experience Science. Start out slow, for example teach a Model A Lesson, then progress to a Model B Lesson, and lastly attempt a Model C Lesson. Another example would be to commit to teach two full Science Inquiry lessons this year and each year commit to more.  The benefits of Science Inquiry will long out last your intimidation.  


Benefits such as:
*Learners taking many different paths to learn the same science content.
*Learning in a safe learning environment because it is a learner controlled environment.
* Utilizing the pedagogy of inquiry based learning in other subjects. 


So, are you ready for the shift?  The responsibility of learning to be shifted from the teacher to the learner? 


As a guideline please consider the table when deciding the approach your lesson requires.  

For more information please see Rachel Lowrie or Destina Martinez. 




How do you plan to implement inquiry into your science classroom next year? In what ways can we incorporate these ideas in other content areas?